International Women's Year (IWY) was the name given to 1975 by the United Nations. Since that year March 8 has been celebrated as International Women's Day, and the United Nations Decade for Women, from 1976 to 1985, was also established.
The first World Conference on Women was held in Mexico City from 19 June to 2 July. The 1975 conference and IWY were part of a larger United Nations program which developed over the Decade of Women (1976–85), and included the drafting and of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), agreed at the second conference in 1980 in Copenhagen. The 1985 third conference in Nairobi, Kenya, not only closed the decade of women, but set a series of member state schedules for removal of legislated gender discrimination in national laws by the year 2000. The 1973–75 planning of the IWY, led by Assistant Secretary General for Social and Humanitarian Affairs Helvi Sipila was very much influenced by the rise of Second Wave Feminist movements throughout the developed world in the early 1970s. Delegates sought to deepen these advances in legal recognition of female equality and bring them to the developing world, and promote the role of women as an aid for economic development.
The 1975 Mexico City Conference was attended by over a thousand delegates.
An International Women's Year Tribune was also organised and attended by 4,000 women in 1975, and
Its Outcomes was as follows :
Declaration of Mexico on the Equality of Women and Their Contribution to Development and Peace
As a result of the international focus on Women in 1975, a number of institutions were established:
International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women(INSTRAW)
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
Women's Studies Resource Centre was established in South Australia during July.
The IWY also launched the "dove" emblem used by the IWY, CEDAW, and UNIFIL. A stylized dove intersected by a female symbol and an equal sign, the emblem was donated by then 27-year-old New York City advertising company graphic designer Valerie Pettis. It remains the official symbol of UN Women and is used in International Women's Day celebrations to this day
Department of Posts issued Commemorative postage stamps on International Women's Year
Issued Date : 16.02.1975
Denomination : 25 Paise